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Wishing to accompany and guide you in your journey as an art lover and emerging collector, we have shot many freely accessible video capsules, on themes that are essential when one wishes to acquire a work of art.

Enjoy your discovery! And do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.

 
 
 
 
 
 

creative techniques

Introduction

The art world has seen an explosion of techniques and materials used in the creation of works since the end of the 19th century. A century later, in this historical period often defined today as that of "contemporary art", photography is emerging as the new format to follow and new technologies are making their entry into the art world. We are talking about the 1960s, which also saw the emergence of a questioning of authority, a critique of hierarchies between genres and techniques, of power relations and elitism, and a feeling of freedom that was reflected in the proliferation of practices (performance, land art, relational art, etc.).

In the present day, artists interact with different practices and materials in order to convey their ideas, concerns, and interests to us. From photography to performance, contemporary art reveals a variety of disciplines. Artists are not afraid to explore and appropriate them. Here you will discover the techniques and mediums present in the exhibition In the Shadows of Urbanity. The world of contemporary art is vast, but we will see with you some of its material and creative particularities, and especially how to preserve works according to their creative techniques.

photography

Photography is the process of recording an image of an object using light and chemicals. In the history of art, it is a relatively recent technique invented in the middle of the 19th century.

Photos are very fragile artistic productions. They must be handled with great care and should not be touched with bare hands. They are also very sensitive to humidity and temperature, which cause chemical reactions that can damage the work. To protect them, it is advisable to hang them away from direct sunlight or to protect them with a frame and anti-UV glass. In the case of photography printed on wood or aluminium, they are more resistant to temperature and humidity variations and therefore do not require frames. It is nevertheless preferable to keep them dry.

What photographic works do not like are extreme environments. Otherwise, they adapt rather well to their environment. Once they are hung in your home, there is little chance that they will deteriorate!

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engraving

The term engraving refers to all artistic techniques that use incision or hollowing to produce an image. It is a rather old practice known since the end of antiquity and the beginning of the Middle Ages, but which has evolved a lot with time, especially in connection with technical progress: from woodcutting to linocutting (linocutting appeared in 1863) and laugraphy: engraving on aluminium.

Engraving is therefore a generic term covering a variety of techniques depending on the engraved support (wood, metal...) which is the matrix, and the printing process: inking, chemical reaction, reaction to light, etc. The result of an engraving often called a print is the printing of the pattern on paper or any other material such as fabric. Consequently, the conservation of the work depends on the material of which it is made.

If the work is made of paper, like photographs, it is fragile and sensitive to light, heat, and humidity. It should, therefore, be stored in a dry place, away from the sun's rays or under UV-protected glass. They are particularly sensitive to dust and insects. It is strongly recommended to hang them with a glass frame to protect them.

drawing

The origins of drawing are difficult to define precisely, but it is one of the oldest creative techniques. The word itself comes from the Italian "disegno" meaning both practice and intention.

It is an artistic composition executed in pencil, pencil, or brush. Belonging to what is called graphic arts, along with engraving, the works are often on paper. The conservation recommendations are therefore the same.

The artwork is fragile and sensitive to light, heat, and humidity. It should, therefore, be stored in a dry place, away from sunlight or under UV-protected glass. They are particularly sensitive to dust and insects. It is strongly recommended to hang them with a glass frame to protect them.

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painting

Painting has long been considered the art par excellence. Even today, even if there is no longer a real hierarchy between techniques, it is still very much appreciated by collectors.

Painting, like engraving, covers different techniques: oil painting, watercolor or acrylic. It is the composition of the paint used that differentiates these techniques. Oil painting is a mixture of pigments and oil, while watercolor is a water-based paint for example.

Painting is a technique that can be carried out on different supports, such as canvas or wood. Works on canvas and wood are moderately fragile. The effect of time on this type of work is repeated at the level of the support, which retracts or relaxes for the canvas for example. If the canvas is mounted on a frame, it is sometimes necessary to stretch it. If the work is on paper... you already know what to do ^^ (see the insert on the drawing). 

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collage - mixed technique

The art of collage is a creative technique that consists of combining various elements: newspaper extracts, wallpapers, various objects... It is their juxtaposition that builds the work. There are nowadays digital collages composed of images taken on the internet.

Because of this mixture of elements and various materials, the work is relatively fragile. Its conservation will also depend on the support on which the motifs are glued (paper, fabric, plastic...), the materials of the glued elements, as well as the glue used. Newspapers are very fragile, those of magazines a little more resistant, etc... Generally, artists adapt the glue to the materials they wish to fix and the chosen support. So you don't have to worry about (normally) putting them aside. 

Just keep in mind that for a work on paper, it is always better to put it in a frame!

in conclusion

This presentation of the techniques and their particularity can be frightening, but don't worry! The works adapt rather well to their environment. Once they are hung in your home, there is little chance that they will deteriorate. They are stronger and more resistant than they look, as evidenced by all the works of art that have survived the centuries and are now in museums. A work of art requires only a little delicacy as it is precious.